Washington, D.C. 20549

Pursuant to Section 13 OR 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

November 9, 2022
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 1250 Broadway, 15th Floor
New York, New York 10001
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(212) 243-2769
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name on each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.00001 per shareMGNINasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Item 2.02. Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
    On November 9, 2022, Magnite, Inc., or the Company, issued a press release announcing financial results for its fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2022. The full text of the press release issued in connection with the announcement is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.
    The information in this Form 8-K (including Exhibit 99.1) shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

The following exhibit relating to Item 2.02 shall be deemed to be furnished, and not filed:
Exhibit NumberDescription
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)

    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Date:November 9, 2022  By:/s/ David Day
  David Day
  Chief Financial Officer


Exhibit 99.1
Magnite Reports Third Quarter 2022 Results
Total Revenue Grows 11% & Revenue ex-TAC Grows 12% Year-Over-Year
CTV Revenue ex-TAC Grew 29% Year-Over-Year & Represents 44% of Total
Adjusted EBITDA Margin of 35%
NEW YORK, New York – November 9, 2022 – Magnite (Nasdaq: MGNI), the world's largest independent sell-side advertising platform, today reported its results of operations for the quarter ended September 30, 2022.
Q3 2022 Highlights:
Revenue of $145.8 million, up 11% year-over-year
Revenue ex-TAC(1) of $127.7 million, up 12% year-over-year
Revenue ex-TAC(1) attributable to CTV of $55.8 million, up 29% year-over-year
Net loss of $24.4 million, for a loss per share of $0.18, compared to net loss of $24.3 million in Q3 2021, for a loss per share of $0.18
Adjusted EBITDA(1) of $44.4 million, up 11% over Adjusted EBITDA of $40.0 million in Q3 2021
Adjusted EBITDA margin of 35%(3)
Non-GAAP earnings per share(1) of $0.18, compared to non-GAAP earnings per share of $0.14 for Q3 2021
Operating cash flow(4) of $28.6 million
Revenue ex-TAC(1) for Q4 2022 to be between $151 million and $157 million
Revenue ex-TAC(1) attributable to CTV for Q4 2022 to be between $63 million and $65 million
Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses(2) to be between $88 million and $90 million for Q4 2022
Total capital expenditures for Q4 2022 to be approximately $9 million
Q4 guidance implies revenue ex-TAC(1) for full-year 2022 will exceed $510 million
Q4 guidance implies free cash flow(5) for the full-year 2022 will exceed $105 million

“We delivered strong results in Q3, with total revenue ex-TAC and CTV revenue ex-TAC exceeding our guidance for the quarter. Adjusted EBITDA also grew nicely and delivered a margin of 35% for the quarter. We were able to show improvement in Q3 growth rates in CTV and DV+ as compared to Q2, despite challenging macro conditions. We continue to build upon and scale our CTV capabilities to better serve new and existing customers and believe we are well positioned to grow revenue in 2023,” said Michael G. Barrett, President and CEO of Magnite.


Third Quarter 2022 Results Summary
(in millions, except per share amounts and percentages)
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021Change
Favorable/ (Unfavorable)
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021Change
Favorable/ (Unfavorable)
Revenue ex-TAC(1)
Gross profit$74.1$68.38%$205.5$172.319%
Net loss($24.4)($24.3)—%($93.9)($0.4)NM
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses(2)
Adjusted EBITDA margin(3)
35%35%— ppt32%30%2 ppt
Basic and Diluted loss per share($0.18)($0.18)—%($0.71)$—N/A
Non-GAAP earnings per share(1)
(1)Revenue ex-TAC, Adjusted EBITDA, and non-GAAP earnings per share are non-GAAP financial measures. Please see the discussion in the section called "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and the reconciliations included at the end of this press release.
(2)Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses is calculated as Revenue ex-TAC less Adjusted EBITDA.
(3)Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Revenue ex-TAC.
(4)Operating cash flow is calculated as Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures.
(5)Free cash flow is defined as operating cash flow (Adjusted EBITDA less capital expenditures) less cash interest payments.
Third Quarter 2022 Results Conference Call and Webcast:
The Company will host a conference call on November 9, 2022 at 1:30 PM (PT) / 4:30 PM (ET) to discuss the results for its third quarter of 2022.
Live conference call
Toll free number:(844) 875-6911 (for domestic callers)
Direct dial number:(412) 902-6511 (for international callers)
Passcode:Ask to join the Magnite conference call
Simultaneous audio webcast: under "Events and Presentations"
Conference call replay
Toll free number:(877) 344-7529 (for domestic callers)
Direct dial number:(412) 317-0088 (for international callers)
Webcast link: under "Events and Presentations"
About Magnite
We’re Magnite (NASDAQ: MGNI), the world’s largest independent sell-side advertising platform. Publishers use our technology to monetize their content across all screens and formats including CTV, online video, display, and audio. The world’s leading agencies and brands trust our platform to access brand-safe, high-quality ad inventory and execute billions of advertising transactions each month. Anchored in bustling New York City, sunny Los Angeles, mile high Denver, historic London, and down under in Sydney, Magnite has offices across North America, EMEA, LATAM, and APAC.

Note: Magnite and the Magnite logo are service marks of Magnite, Inc.

Forward-Looking Statements:
This press release and management's prepared remarks during the conference call referred to above include, and management's answers to questions during the conference call may include, forward-looking statements, including statements based upon or relating to our expectations, assumptions, estimates, and projections. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as "may," "might," "will," "objective," "intend," "should," "could," "can," "would," "expect," "believe," "design," "anticipate," "estimate," "predict," "potential," "plan" or the negative of these terms, and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements may include, but are not limited to, statements concerning acquisitions by the Company, including the acquisition of SpotX, Inc. ("SpotX," and such acquisition the "SpotX Acquisition"), the acquisition of SpringServe, LLC ("SpringServe," and such acquisition the "SpringServe Acquisition"), and the merger with Telaria, Inc. ("Telaria," and such merger the "Telaria Merger"), or the anticipated benefits thereof; statements concerning potential synergies from the Company's acquisitions; statements concerning the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business operations, financial condition, and results of operations and on the world economy; statements concerning macroeconomic conditions, including inflation, supply chain issues or the occurrence of a recession, or concerns related thereto; our anticipated financial performance; key strategic objectives; industry growth rates for ad-supported connected television ("CTV") and the shift in video consumption from linear TV to CTV; anticipated benefits of new offerings; the impact of our traffic shaping technology on our business; the effects of our cost reduction initiatives; scope and duration of client relationships; the fees we may charge in the future; business mix; sales growth; benefits from supply path optimization; the development of identity solutions; client utilization of our offerings; our competitive differentiation; our market share and leadership position in the industry; market conditions, trends, and opportunities; certain statements regarding future operational performance measures; and other statements that are not historical facts. These statements are not guarantees of future performance; they reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and estimates and subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from expectations or results projected or implied by forward-looking statements. Risks that our business faces include, but are not limited to, the following: our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the Telaria Merger, SpotX Acquisition, SpringServe Acquisition, and other acquisitions; the impact of macroeconomic challenges on the advertising marketplace, including as a result of global conflict, inflation, supply chain issues, the occurrence of a recession, or concerns relating to the foregoing; the severity, magnitude, and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, including impacts of the pandemic and of responses to the pandemic by governments; CTV spend on our platform may grow more slowly than we expect if industry growth rates for ad supported CTV are not accurate, if CTV sellers fail to adopt programmatic advertising solutions or if we are unable to maintain or increase access to CTV advertising inventory; the growing percentage of digital advertising spend captured by closed "walled gardens" (such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Comcast, and Amazon); we may be unsuccessful in our supply path optimization efforts; our ability to introduce new offerings and bring them to market in a timely manner, and otherwise adapt in response to client demands and industry trends; uncertainty of our estimates and expectations associated with new offerings, including the CTV ad server product that we acquired in the SpringServe Acquisition and our developing identity solutions; we must increase the scale and efficiency of our technology infrastructure to support our growth; the emergence of header bidding has increased competition from other demand sources and may cause infrastructure strain and added costs; our access to mobile inventory may be limited by third-party technology or lack of direct relationships with mobile sellers; we may experience lower take rates, which may not be offset by increases in the volume of ad requests, improvements in fill-rate, and/or increases in the value of transactions through our platform; the impact of requests for discounts, fee concessions, rebates, refunds or favorable payment terms; our history of losses, and the fact that in the past our operating results have and may in the future fluctuate significantly, be difficult to predict, and fall below analysts' and investors' expectations; the effects of seasonal trends on our results of operations; we operate in an intensely competitive market that includes companies that have greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do; the effects of consolidation in the ad tech industry or among our media clients; our ability to differentiate our offerings and compete effectively to combat commodification and disintermediation; potential limitations on our ability to collect or use data as a result of consumer tools, regulatory restrictions and technological limitations; the development and use of new identity solutions as a replacement for third-party cookies and other identifiers may disrupt the programmatic ecosystem and cause the performance of our platform to decline; the industry may not adopt or may be slow to adopt the use of first-party publisher segments as an alternative to third-party cookies; the impact of antitrust regulations or enforcement actions targeting the digital advertising ecosystem; our ability to comply with, and the effect on our business of, evolving legal standards and regulations, particularly concerning data protection and privacy; failure by us or our clients to meet advertising and inventory content standards; the freedom of buyers and sellers to direct their spending and inventory to competing sources of inventory and demand, and to establish direct relationships and integrations without the use of our platform; our reliance on large aggregators of advertising inventory, and the concentration of CTV among a small number of large sellers that enjoy significant negotiating leverage; our ability to provide value to both buyers and sellers of advertising without being perceived as favoring one over the other or being perceived as competing with them through our service offerings; our reliance on large sources of advertising demand, including demand side platforms ("DSPs") that may have or develop high-risk credit profiles or fail to pay invoices when due; we may be exposed to claims from clients for breach of contracts; errors or failures in the operation of our solution, interruptions in our access to network infrastructure or

data, and breaches of our computer systems; our ability to ensure a high level of brand safety for our clients and to detect "bot" traffic and other fraudulent or malicious activity; the use of our net operating losses and tax credit carryforwards may be subject to certain limitations; our business may be subject to sales and use tax, advertising and other taxes; our ability to raise additional capital if needed; the impact of our share repurchase program on our stock price and cash reserves; volatility in the price of our common stock; the impact of negative analyst or investor research reports; our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel; costs associated with enforcing our intellectual property rights or defending intellectual property infringement; our ability to comply with the terms of our financing arrangements; restrictions in our Credit Agreement may limit our ability to make strategic investments, respond to changing market conditions, or otherwise operate our business; increases in our debt leverage may put us at greater risk of defaulting on our debt obligations, subject us to additional operating restrictions and make it more difficult to obtain future financing on favorable terms; conversion of our Convertible Senior Notes would dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders; the Capped Call Transactions subject us to counterparty risk and may affect the value of the Convertible Senior Notes and our common stock; the conditional conversion feature of the Convertible Senior Notes, if triggered, may adversely affect our financial condition and operating result; failure to successfully execute our international growth plans; and our ability to identify future acquisitions of or investments in complementary companies or technologies and our ability to consummate the acquisitions and integrate such companies or technologies.
We discuss many of these risks and additional factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated by our forward-looking statements under the headings "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and elsewhere in this press release and in other filings we have made and will make from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. These forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of the report in which they are included. Unless required by federal securities laws, we assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated, to reflect circumstances or events that occur after the statements are made. Without limiting the foregoing, any guidance we may provide will generally be given only in connection with quarterly and annual earnings announcements, without interim updates, and we may appear at industry conferences or make other public statements without disclosing material nonpublic information in our possession. Given these uncertainties, investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Investors should read this press release and the documents that we reference in this press release and have filed or will file with the SEC completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Operational Measures:
In addition to our GAAP results, we review certain non-GAAP financial measures to help us evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, establish budgets, measure the effectiveness of investments in our technology and development and sales and marketing, and assess our operational efficiencies. These non-GAAP measures include Revenue ex-TAC, Adjusted EBITDA, Non-GAAP Income (Loss) and Non-GAAP Earnings (Loss) per share, each of which is discussed below.
These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be considered in isolation from, as substitutes for, or as superior to, the corresponding financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. You are encouraged to evaluate these adjustments, and review the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP measures, and the reasons we consider them appropriate. It is important to note that the particular items we exclude from, or include in, our non-GAAP financial measures may differ from the items excluded from, or included in, similar non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. See "Reconciliation of Revenue to Gross Profit to Revenue ex-TAC," "Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA," "Reconciliation of net income (loss) to non-GAAP income (loss)," and "Reconciliation of GAAP earnings (loss) per share to non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share" included as part of this press release.
We do not provide a reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial expectations for Revenue ex-TAC, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses or free cash flow, or a forecast of the most comparable GAAP measures, because the amount and timing of many future charges that impact these measures (such as amortization of future acquired intangible assets, acquisition-related charges, foreign exchange (gain) loss, net, stock-based compensation, impairment charges, provision or benefit for income taxes, and our future revenue mix), which could be material, are variable, uncertain, or out of our control and therefore cannot be reasonably predicted without unreasonable effort, if at all. In addition, we believe such reconciliations or forecasts could imply a degree of precision that might be confusing or misleading to investors.


Revenue ex-TAC:

Revenue ex-TAC is revenue excluding traffic acquisition cost ("TAC"). Traffic acquisition cost, a component of cost of revenue, represents what we must pay sellers for the sale of advertising inventory through our platform for revenue reported on a gross basis. In calculating Revenue ex-TAC, we add back the cost of revenue, excluding TAC, to gross profit, the most comparable GAAP measurement. Revenue ex-TAC is a non-GAAP financial measure. We believe Revenue ex-TAC is a useful measure in assessing the performance of Magnite as a combined company following our acquisition of SpotX and facilitates a consistent comparison against our core business without considering the impact of traffic acquisition costs related to revenue reported on a gross basis.

Adjusted EBITDA:

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, depreciation and amortization, amortization of acquired intangible assets, impairment charges, interest income or expense, and other cash and non-cash based income or expenses that we do not consider indicative of our core operating performance, including, but not limited to foreign exchange gains and losses, acquisition and related items, non-operational real estate expense (income), net, and provision (benefit) for income taxes. We also track future expenses on an Adjusted EBITDA basis, and describe them as Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses, which includes total operating expenses. Total operating expenses include cost of revenue. Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses is calculated as Revenue ex-TAC less Adjusted EBITDA. We adjust Adjusted EBITDA operating expenses for the same expense items excluded in Adjusted EBITDA. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating our performance for the following reasons:
Adjusted EBITDA is widely used by investors and securities analysts to measure a company’s performance without regard to items such as those we exclude in calculating this measure, which can vary substantially from company to company depending upon their financing, capital structures, and the method by which assets were acquired.
Our management uses Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with GAAP financial measures for planning purposes, including the preparation of our annual operating budget, as a measure of performance and the effectiveness of our business strategies, and in communications with our board of directors concerning our performance. Adjusted EBITDA may also be used as a metric for determining payment of cash incentive compensation.
Adjusted EBITDA provides a measure of consistency and comparability with our past performance that many investors find useful, facilitates period-to-period comparisons of operations, and also facilitates comparisons with other peer companies, many of which use similar non-GAAP financial measures to supplement their GAAP results.
Although Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by investors and securities analysts in their evaluations of companies, Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results of operations as reported under GAAP. These limitations include:
Stock-based compensation is a non-cash charge and will remain an element of our long-term incentive compensation package, although we exclude it as an expense when evaluating our ongoing operating performance for a particular period.
Depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, and the assets being depreciated or amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, but Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for these replacements.
Impairment charges are non-cash charges related to goodwill, intangible assets and/or long-lived assets.
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect non-cash charges related to acquisition and related items, such as amortization of acquired intangible assets, merger, acquisition, or restructuring related severance costs, and changes in the fair value of contingent consideration.
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash and non-cash charges and changes in, or cash requirements for, acquisition and related items, such as certain transaction expenses and expenses associated with earn-out amounts.
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in our working capital needs, capital expenditures, non-operational real estate expenses or income, or contractual commitments.
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash requirements for income taxes and the cash impact of other income or expense.
Other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Our Adjusted EBITDA is influenced by fluctuations in our revenue, cost of revenue, and the timing and amounts of the cost of our operations. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), income (loss) from operations, or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

Non-GAAP Income (Loss) and Non-GAAP Earnings (Loss) per Share:
We define non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share as non-GAAP income (loss) divided by non-GAAP weighted-average shares outstanding. Non-GAAP income (loss) is equal to net income (loss) excluding stock-based compensation, cash and non-cash based acquisition and related expenses, including amortization of acquired intangible assets, merger related severance costs, transaction expenses, non-operational real estate expenses or income, foreign currency gains and losses, and in periods in which the Company generates net income, non-GAAP net income (loss) also excludes interest expense associated with Convertible Senior Notes. In periods in which we have non-GAAP income, non-GAAP weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate non-GAAP earnings per share includes the impact of potentially dilutive shares. Potentially dilutive shares consist of stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance stock units, and potential shares issued under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan, each computed using the treasury stock method. In periods in which the Company generates net income, non-GAAP weighted-average shares will also include the impact of shares that would be issuable assuming conversion of all of the Convertible Senior Notes, calculated under the if-converted method. We believe non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share is useful to investors in evaluating our ongoing operational performance and our trends on a per share basis, and also facilitates comparison of our financial results on a per share basis with other companies, many of which present a similar non-GAAP measure. However, a potential limitation of our use of non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share is that other companies may define non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share differently, which may make comparison difficult. This measure may also exclude expenses that may have a material impact on our reported financial results. Non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share is a performance measure and should not be used as a measure of liquidity. Because of these limitations, we also consider the comparable GAAP measure of net income (loss).
Investor Relations Contact
Nick Kormeluk
(949) 500-0003
Media Contact
Charlstie Veith
(516) 300-3569

(In thousands)
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$253,552 $230,401 
Accounts receivable, net804,350 927,781 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets              21,363 19,934 
         TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS1,079,265 1,178,116 
Property and equipment, net45,489 34,067 
Right-of-use lease asset74,409 76,986 
Internal use software development costs, net23,051 20,093 
Intangible assets, net322,547 426,615 
Goodwill978,217 969,873 
Other assets, non-current6,106 6,862 
TOTAL ASSETS$2,529,084 $2,712,612 
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$890,071 $1,000,956 
Lease liabilities, current19,452 19,142 
Debt, current3,600 3,600 
Other current liabilities5,885 5,697 
         TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES919,008 1,029,395 
Debt, non-current, net of debt issuance costs722,077 720,023 
Deferred tax liability, net11,506 13,303 
Lease liabilities, non-current64,288 66,487 
Other liabilities, non-current1,703 2,647 
TOTAL LIABILITIES 1,718,582 1,831,855 
Common stock
Additional paid-in capital         1,304,182 1,282,589 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(5,293)(1,376)
Treasury stock— (6,007)
Accumulated deficit(488,389)(394,451)


(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Revenue$145,815 $131,871 $401,670 $307,127 
Expenses (1)(2):
Cost of revenue71,753 63,541 196,150 134,823 
Sales and marketing49,848 52,260 151,675 118,122 
Technology and development25,134 21,059 71,214 53,436 
General and administrative20,235 16,535 59,405 47,673 
Merger, acquisition, and restructuring costs— 2,424 7,468 37,778 
Total expenses166,970 155,819 485,912 391,832 
Loss from operations(21,155)(23,948)(84,242)(84,705)
Other (income) expense:
Interest expense, net7,016 7,280 21,273 12,595 
Other income(1,369)(955)(3,991)(3,317)
Foreign exchange gain, net(1,976)(1,246)(5,042)(1,358)
Total other expense, net3,671 5,079 12,240 7,920 
Loss before income taxes(24,826)(29,027)(96,482)(92,625)
Benefit for income taxes(435)(4,708)(2,544)(92,237)
Net loss$(24,391)$(24,319)$(93,938)$(388)
Net loss per share:
Basic and Diluted$(0.18)$(0.18)$(0.71)$— 
Weighted average shares used to compute loss per share:
Basic and Diluted133,144 131,501 132,611 124,325 


(1) Stock-based compensation expense included in our expenses was as follows:
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Cost of revenue$424 $278 $1,191 $530 
Sales and marketing5,491 4,583 16,257 10,426 
Technology and development6,576 3,828 16,645 8,195 
General and administrative4,911 3,087 14,096 8,299 
Merger, acquisition, and restructuring costs— 48 2,004 1,071 
Total stock-based compensation expense$17,402 $11,824 $50,193 $28,521 
(2) Depreciation and amortization expense included in our expenses was as follows:
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Cost of revenue$27,455 $24,764 $80,639 $52,108 
Sales and marketing18,759 23,569 56,815 44,037 
Technology and development240 190 697 468 
General and administrative161 179 490 471 
Total depreciation and amortization expense$46,615 $48,702 $138,641 $97,084 


(In thousands)
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net loss$(93,938)$(388)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization138,641 97,084 
Stock-based compensation50,193 28,521 
Impairment of intangible assets3,320 — 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment(59)78 
Provision for doubtful accounts(357)217 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs5,092 3,223 
Non-cash lease expense1,340 1,825 
Deferred income taxes(1,626)(91,540)
Unrealized foreign currency gains, net(5,231)(2,578)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of business acquisitions:
Accounts receivable125,268 (92,131)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(1,751)(297)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(116,575)113,795 
Other liabilities(472)191 
Net cash provided by operating activities103,845 58,000 
Purchases of property and equipment(18,004)(13,985)
Capitalized internal use software development costs(11,177)(8,525)
Mergers and acquisitions, net of cash acquired(20,755)(653,060)
Net cash used in investing activities(49,936)(675,570)
Proceeds from Convertible Senior Notes offering— 400,000 
Proceeds from issuance of debt, net of debt discount— 349,200 
Payment for capped call options— (38,960)
Payment for debt issuance costs— (30,378)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options1,771 8,747 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan2,141 1,154 
Repayment of debt(2,700)(900)
Repayment of financing lease(602)— 
Purchase of treasury stock(15,663)— 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement(11,859)— 
Payment of indemnification claims holdback(1,409)— 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(28,321)688,863 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH — Beginning of period230,693 117,731 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH — End of period$253,797 $188,433 
Cash and cash equivalents$253,552 $188,182 
Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other current assets245 — 
Restricted cash included in other assets, non-current— 251 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$253,797 $188,433 


(In thousands)

Nine Months Ended
Cash paid for income taxes$4,356 $1,221 
Cash paid for interest$18,624 $7,671 
Capitalized assets financed by accounts payable and accrued expenses$10,195 $1,513 
Capitalized stock-based compensation$1,017 $956 
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities$11,542 $22,651 
Purchase consideration - indemnification claims holdback$2,293 $1,409 
Common stock and options issued for mergers and acquisitions$— $495,591 
Debt discount, non-cash$— $10,800 

(In thousands)
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Revenue$145,815 $131,871 $401,670 $307,127 
Less: Cost of revenue71,753 63,541 196,150 134,823 
Gross Profit74,062 68,330 205,520 172,304 
Add back: Cost of revenue, excluding TAC53,58845,734152,478102,052 
Revenue ex-TAC$127,650 $114,064 $357,998 $274,356 


(In thousands)
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net loss$(24,391)$(24,319)$(93,938)$(388)
Add back (deduct):
Depreciation and amortization expense, excluding amortization of acquired intangible assets8,548 6,518 23,293 17,771 
   Amortization of acquired intangibles38,067 42,184 115,348 79,313 
   Stock-based compensation expense17,402 11,824 50,193 28,521 
Merger, acquisition, and restructuring costs, excluding stock-based compensation expense— 2,376 5,464 36,707 
Non-operational real estate expense, net
169 57 515 197 
Interest expense, net7,016 7,280 21,273 12,595 
Foreign exchange gain, net(1,976)(1,246)(5,042)(1,358)
Benefit for income taxes(435)(4,708)(2,544)(92,237)
Adjusted EBITDA$44,400 $39,966 $114,562 $81,121 


(In thousands)

 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
Net loss$(24,391)$(24,319)$(93,938)$(388)
Add back (deduct):
Merger, acquisition, and restructuring costs, including amortization of acquired intangibles and excluding stock-based compensation expense38,067 44,560 120,812 116,020 
Stock-based compensation expense17,402 11,824 50,193 28,521 
Non-operational real estate expense, net
169 57 515 197 
Foreign exchange gain, net(1,976)(1,246)(5,042)(1,358)
Interest expense, Convertible Senior Notes250 327 750 544 
Tax effect of Non-GAAP adjustments (1)
Non-GAAP income$25,638 $20,335 $57,000 $40,249 
(1)Non-GAAP income includes the estimated tax impact from the reconciling items between net loss and non-GAAP income. 


(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
GAAP loss per share (1):
Basic and Diluted$(0.18)$(0.18)$(0.71)$— 
Non-GAAP income (2)
$25,638 $20,335 $57,000 $40,249 
Non-GAAP earnings per share$0.18 $0.14 $0.40 $0.29 
Weighted-average shares used to compute basic earnings (loss) per share133,144 131,501 132,611 124,325 
Dilutive effect of weighted-average common stock options, RSUs, and PSUs2,237 8,564 3,698 10,784 
Dilutive effect of weighted-average ESPP shares49 11 23 49 
Dilutive effect of weighted-average Convertible Senior Notes6,262 6,262 6,262 4,499 
Non-GAAP weighted-average shares outstanding (3)
141,692 146,338 142,594 139,657 
(1) Calculated as net income (loss) divided by basic and diluted weighted-average shares used to compute earnings (loss) per share as included in the consolidated statement of operations.
(2) Refer to reconciliation of net loss to non-GAAP income.
(3) Non-GAAP earnings per share is computed using the same weighted-average number of shares that are used to compute GAAP earnings (loss) per share in periods where there is both a non-GAAP loss and a GAAP net loss.


(In thousands)

Revenue ex-TAC
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2022September 30, 2021September 30, 2022September 30, 2021
CTV$55,761 44 %$43,142 38 %$150,180 42 %$89,382 33 %
Desktop27,155 21 %29,192 26 %80,819 23 %76,566 28 %
Mobile44,734 35 %41,730 36 %126,999 35 %108,408 39 %
Total$127,650 100 %$114,064 100 %$357,998 100 %$274,356 100 %